Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King Trust Past

His upbringing and studies

  • Martin Luther King was born on January 15, 1929 in Memphis, Tennessee, United States.

  • He entered Elementary school in Atlanta in 1935, then attended Booker Washington School, and in 1942 he joined the university, studying at Morehouse College for Blacks, where he received his bachelor's degree in 1948, and then enrolled at Boston University and received a doctorate in philosophy in 1955.

  • In 1947 he was appointed assistant to his father in his church, and in 1951 he was ordained pastor of the Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.

Political experience

Assassination attempt on Martin Luther King in one of his speeches Trust Past

  • He defended black people in America Highlighting racial discrimination and oppression And chose nonviolence as a means of protest Initially asking Blacks to boycott carriers that discriminate against them.

  • He was imprisoned several times, and was put into a cell with drunks Thieves and murderers On January 30, 1956, he was attacked with a bomb while giving a speech in Montgomery Preventing his angry supporters from reacting to the attempt.

  • On February 17, 1959 He was arrested at his church in Atlanta on charges of falsifying the filing of income tax returns And then released on bail.

  • In the summer of 1962 King announced a series of demonstrations, mass marches and Sit-ins And police confronted him and his black supporters and he was sent to jail again, but demonstrations by the man and his supporters continued in American cities.


Martin Luther King Jr. Prize for Peace Trust Past

  • In June 1957, King was awarded the Singarn Medal Which is awarded annually to those who make effective contributions to Racial Relations Time magazine awarded him Man of the Year in 1963, the first Negro to be awarded the title And in 1964 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his call for Nonviolence The youngest to receive it at the age of 35.

  • After his death, he was awarded the Presidential Freedom Award under former President Jimmy Carter And Congress awarded him his gold medal in 2004, and America declared Martin Luther King Day an annual holiday, which is the third Monday of January of each year.


Assassination of Martin Luther King Trust Past

  • On April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King was shot by a white supremacist as he prepared to lead a demonstration of a Garbage Collectors' strike in one hundred American cities.

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