Denshawai Incident 1906

Denshawai Incident 1906

The Trial of the Denchway Victims

  • The famous Denshawai incident remained the talk of the world until the newspapers of the world wrote about the facts of that incident, and the famous Irish writer and author George Bernard Shaw was influenced by writing about the facts of that incident, which are narrated in the following lines.

Dunshway Crime Story

Denshawai Incident 1906

  • In the summer of 1906, and specifically on June 13, the scenario of the sad story began, one of which took place in the village of Denshawai, one of the villages in the Menoufia Governorate, where four English officers entered in their military clothes and in possession of their rifles in order to hunt pigeons.

  • Although pigeon hunting was forbidden according to English law at that time, but "major coffin", the leader of the team that arrived in the land of Denshawai to hunt pigeons, was fond of hunting, which made him bypass the law to practice his hobby and bet with his men to catch pigeons from the trees of the village of Denshawai.

  • Despite repeated warnings from the villagers not to hunt pigeons for fear of gunpowder flying from bullets that might set their homes on fire.

  • One of the peasants, an old sheikh over sixty years of age, called "Hassan Mahfouz" came to them to warn them not to fire their bullets so that the wheat grain would not break out.

  • But none of the officers paid any attention to the old man, and they did not pay attention to his screams, so one of them fired a bullet from his gun, hitting the wife of a person. He was the muezzin of the mosque, and he was called "Muhammad Abdel Nabi" and he was one of the young men who gathered after the loud screams.

Development Of Events

Denshawai Incident 1906

  • The lady died, and the matter developed between the peasants and the officers into a heated battle, and after the officers misbehaved and realized that they were inevitably in danger, they fled and kept running for more than eight kilometers under the scorching sun until one of them fell unconscious, so his colleagues left him until they reached the battalion camp on the Bajouri canal and were informed about the accident.

  • The men of the battalion went out in the direction of the village, and on their way they found their colleague, who had previously passed out, had died, and next to him was one of the peasants while he was holding a waterskin in an attempt to wake him up So it was only from them that they killed him with guns.

  • The British did not bear the death of one of their officers and did not wait for the local authorities Rather, they entered the village and arrested the people, beginning with the old man who warned the officers at the beginning of shooting, passing through the men and youth of the village.

Unfair Trial

Sheikh of lawyers, Ibrahim Al-Helbawy

  • The speedy trial was held, and the traitorous prosecutor, Ibrahim Al-Helbawy, says in the memorandum proving the charge against the Egyptians the following:
  • “These foolish, low-spirited people from the people of Denshawai met the noble morals of the English officers with sticks and pipes, and mistook the British for the Egyptians after twenty-five years had passed between us, and we are with them in sincerity and uprightness!

  • Gallows were erected in the village before the start of the trial, which was affected by shame from every direction, and a tribunal was specially formed for that incident, including pro-British Egyptians such as Boutros Ghali and Ahmed Fathi Zaghloul.
Traitor Boutros Pasha Ghali

  • The number of those arrested reached 52, and four of them were sentenced to death by hanging. The court ordered the execution of "Hassan Mahfouz" and Mohammed Abdul Nabi, village muezzin, husband of saber's murdered mother in front of his house and in full view of the villagers.

  • The English also left the bodies of those sentenced to be hanged hanging for three hours while they were swinging on the gallows so that the English could enjoy seeing them like this, and the rest were sentenced to various sentences between life hard labor and flogging.

Results Of The Denshawai Accident

National leader Mustafa Kamel

  • Leader "Mustafa Kamel" denounced the incident and the British occupation in both Egypt and Europe, so England withdrew "Lord Cromer" in April 1907 AD and appointed "Growrest" as a British dependent as his successor in Egypt.

  • Al-Liwa newspaper established by "Mostafa Kamel" attacked the Egyptian prime minister "Boutros Pasha Ghali" for his loyalty to the British and issuing death sentences and flogging in Denshawai incident.
  • His presidency of the Denshawai Court is not considered his worst work. This man has a black history against the Egyptians who made the Sudan treaty with the British that gave Sudan to Britain after it was under the rule of Egypt. He agreed to extend the Suez Canal concession in favor of Britain for another forty years.
  •  which aroused the Egyptian public opinion against "Ghali" until a young patriot named "Ibrahim Wardani" assassinated "Boutros Ghali" in 1910 while leaving the Prime Minister's residence.
Ibrahim al-halbawi

  • Al-Wardani was arrested, and the irony was that the prosecutor of Denshawai trial, Ibrahim al-halbawi, was the same one who defended Al-Wardani, and he publicly repented, and said in his defense: "I came with regret asking our citizens for forgiveness for the terrible mistakes I made, oh god, I ask for your forgiveness and I ask our citizens for forgiveness".

  • But Al-Wardani was sentenced to death. The incident of the assassination of "Boutros Ghali" is the second incident of political assassination in the modern history of Egypt after the assassination of "Cleber".

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