Main menu


Attila the Hun

Attila the Hun

  • Attila the Hun, one of history's most infamous conquerors, was born in 406 AD in what is now present-day Hungary.
  • Known for his ferocity in battle and his ability to unite various tribes into a powerful army, Attila commanded the Huns during their invasion of Europe in the 5th century.
  • He earned the title "The Scourge of God" due to his destructive raids and sacking of numerous cities, such as Rome and Athens. Despite this reputation as a ruthless warlord, it is said that Attila valued loyalty and held his own soldiers to high standards.
  • After his death in 453 AD, his empire quickly dissolved but left a lasting impact on European history.
  • Interestingly enough, although he was known for violence, it is rumored that Attila himself died from a nosebleed while intoxicated at a wedding feast.

Europe's worst decades

Attila the Hun
  • The fifth century AD was the worst era that the inhabitants of Europe had in those times when someone came out of them that brought with him terror and death to millions.
  • It's Attila the Hun. And his barbarian men who tortured and raped women and killed everyone who stood in their faces so that one of the legends tells that they dipped their bows in boiled embryo juice and drank the blood of women as if they were descended from dirty souls.
  • Attila's cruelty knew no bounds, he killed his brother and slaughtered the Sahrawis, and his fighters spread terror and death throughout the Roman Empire, crushing the big cities and exterminating their inhabitants in pursuit of gold and the wealth of the peoples until the religious people in Rome realized that God had sent this man from hell to punish sinners on the face of the earth. Attila became known as "God's punishment."

Uncle Roe

Attila the Hun

  • The Huns are nomadic tribes and they are the ancestors of the Turks who lived in Europe and did not have any civilization or knowledge so their life was based on destruction and barbarism, like The Tatars in Islamic history.
  • Attila the Hun was born in Pannonia (modern Hungary) around 406 AD.
  • The Eastern Roman Empire "Byzantine" was considered a protectorate of the Hun Empire and was paid to Uncle Roe 700 pounds of gold annually for protection from the invasions of the Berber peoples, but when the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II heard of the death of Sultan Roe announced the cancellation of the agreement and refused to pay any sums to the Huns, which prompted Attila and his brother Beladia to equip their forces and intend to invade the Eastern Roman Empire, and led a huge army with which they crossed towards Thrace "the western part of Turkey".
  • When Attila reached the age of 28 years, Uncle Roe died the emperor of the Huns and his nephews Baladia and Attila took power, and Attila wanted to seize power alone, but he could not because his brother Baladia had strong support and popularity among the Hun tribes, so Attila had to wait until a while.
  • In 434 AD, Attila and his brother became joint rulers of the Huns.

Joint Rulers

Attila the Hun

  • The image of the barbarians, especially the semi-nomadic tribes of them, was very ugly, as they were dangerous from a military point of view, the Huns were known for their deadly lightning attacks and were able to cover a large area of land in a few seconds, as they appeared on the doorstep of people's houses suddenly, they could fire arrows from horseback and kill a man at a distance of 150 meters.
  • Attila was aware that the Eastern Roman Empire had sent an army to Sicily to retake North Africa from a rebel group called the "Vandals", and the two brothers took advantage of the situation and launched a heavy attack on the Danube River in 441 AD and attacked the town of Constanta "inside Romania", and that day was their intention because it was the day of the market in the town and they captured and crushed its inhabitants and slaughtered them all in the streets and made corpses fill the streets, and decimated the entire city of Belgrade and no one could stop the attack of the Huns, which made The Emperor of the East rushes to arrange another peace truce and raise the tribute so that Attila's anger stops and peace prevails with the Hun barbarians.
  • And the agreement was concluded. Attila returned beyond the Danube loaded with large quantities of gold and loot, and when the Roman troops returned from Sicily, sources say that they could not walk in the streets because of the large number of bodies slaughtered by Attila, life had no value for Attila and the Huns had no regard for other human beings, they were inflicting the heaviest losses on others without mercy, and that was their ugliest characteristic, and despite Attila's victories abroad, his patience seemed to run out On his brother Baladia because he was smart and loved by the tribes wearing the dress of humility and listen to complaints and pardon when able despite his violent actions, but Attila wanted to rule alone and things reached between them to struggle for survival, so Attila slaughtered his brother Baladia while he was sleeping, and thus Attila is the only tyrannical ruler of the Hun tribes.

Sole Rule

Attila the Hun

  • Before executing his brother, Attila ignored a peace treaty with Roman Emperor Theodosius II and seized several territories from the Eastern Roman Empire.
  • He could not break through the walls in Constantinople, but destroyed the rest of the eastern Roman forces.
  • For years, he and Theodosius II negotiated another treaty, but Attila would again ignore it.

Management and Conspiracies of Women

Attila the Hun

  • Attila had several wives and jealousy was burning between them, and when one of his wives, called "Futrun", became angry, she was able to deceive him by claiming that she saw one of his wives having a relationship with one of his slaves, so Attila killed them together, and when he later learned that "Futrun" deceived him, he slaughtered and ate her two children, and with this heinous act Attila's reputation worsened, which spread among the people until it reached the religious Romans, and therefore they nicknamed him with various terrifying titles such as" The Day of Judgment. God's whip. The punishment of heaven".
  • The irony is that Attila benefited from his reputation in two directions, affecting the morale of the Romans and serving as a protective shield for the Hun tribes, and on the other hand ensuring that the various Hun races remained under his rule.
  • In 450 AD, Attila received an unusual gift from an unexpected source, Princess Anaria, sister of Valentine, Emperor of Western Rome, sent a letter to Attila with her personal ring attached to him appealing to Attila to save her from a marriage that had been imposed on her by a man she did not like.
  • The truth is that the princess had been caught in a scandalous relationship with her adviser, and this scandal was a thunderbolt for her brother, the emperor, who was very upset and offered her to marry an obscure politician to end the scandal, but the princess refused to solve and asked Attila to accept her as a wife in order to ally with him in order to improve her position within the empire, and this is what prompted Attila to turn his attention towards the empire of the West, which was weaker than the East and was in a state of great turmoil.
  • Attila sent the reply to the princess that he agreed to marry the descendant of the emperors and demanded Attila dowry according to the custom of the Romans, which is to take half the territory of the Western Roman Empire, but Emperor Valentine III refused the order so that he refused to marry his sister from Attila, and Attila in turn threatened to kick the emperor from his own palace.

Invasion of Europe

Attila the Hun

  • In 451 A.D., Attila turned to Western Europe to demand what he was truly preparing for him.
  • The hordes of barbarians set off towards the Western Roman Empire, and Attila had a desire on the way to conquer and destroy the kingdom of the Visigoths - the Goths are Germanic tribes that invaded part of France and settled in it -
  • The barbarians crossed the Cologne region of western Germany and overran and destroyed Germany's cities.
  • There Attila found a hermit woman named Ursula, robbed the beauty of Ursula Attila and asked her to marry, but his request was rejected, so he slaughtered her with eleven thousand of the hermitages inside the houses of worship, and he looted everything, and attacked the German city of Menz and looted it and killed all its inhabitants and did not leave a standing but overthrew him and the Hun hordes crossed into Gaul in a notorious campaign of destruction and slaughter and decimated many cities in his way.
  • At that time, the commander of the Western Roman army was able to convince the Visigoths to ally with them against Attila because the Goths hated Attila so much and they were united and crossed into the plains of Catalonia in the hope of stopping the torrent of the Huns sweeping towards France.
  • On the outskirts of the city of Oralion in central France, Attila arrived with the hordes of the Huns, where he faced the largest Roman army in the West, and the two armies clashed in a fierce battle that is one of the greatest battles in ancient history and is called the Battle of Chalon and it is said that on that day Paris, which is 130 kilometers away from the battlefield, prayed many prayers to God so that the city would not fall into the hands of that predator.
  • The Roman army fought the hordes of barbarians so steadfastly that they could not see each other because they continued the battle into darkness and in the end the battle was decided in favor of the Roman Gothic alliance and this was the first defeat that forced Attila to retreat his forces back to heal their wounds.
  • The loss of the Huns was enormous as rivers of blood flowed and the survivors of the battle had to drink water mixed with blood.
  • If the Huns had crushed the Roman army at that time, all of Europe would have fallen under the rule of the barbarians, and the Europeans would now have Asian features.

More bloodshed

Attila the Hun

  • In the spring of 452 AD, in the year following the defeat, Attila led his barbarian knights across the Alps heading to central Europe towards Italy "the backyard of the Romans" and the Huns swept all Italian cities and destroyed a large number of cities such as Aquileia. Padova. Verona. Brescia. Bergamo. Milan. Lombard.
  • Thus, he tore apart the heart of the Roman Empire, and the other cities fell successively to his armies.
  • When the Huns arrived on the outskirts of Rome, Emperor Valentine III had no choice but to send a delegation led by Pope Leo I to negotiate peace in advance to Attila precious gifts, gold and money in exchange for withdrawing his troops and not invading Rome, this was the luck of Attila, who was exhausted by diseases and his army became in a weak position after epidemic diseases and plague in his soldiers and the lack of adequate supplies and food supplies because Italy was suffering from a great famine in That time.

  • The Roman army was also accelerating the pace coming from France to save Rome from the hands of the Huns, because Rome was the capital of Christendom at the time, Attila saw that the peace treaty would be more profitable than attacking the city, so the petition submitted by Pope Leo I was approved and Attila returned loaded with gold to the Alps, Then to his capital, which is currently known as "Budapest".

Attila's death

Attila the Hun

  • Several months after his return from Italy, specifically in 453 AD, he married a beautiful Germanic girl called Aydiko who was one of his captives and the marriage ceremony was held in the manner of the Hun tribes, where drinking a lot of alcohol to an exaggerated extent, and the couple entered their new room, and the next morning Attila did not come out, so his guards opened the door of the room to find Attila dead on the ground!! ..
  • In some accounts, she says that he was covered in blood and his bride was sitting in one corner of the room, sobbing with sadness and great fear while she was in a state of shock.
  • No one expected Attila's death suddenly because such a fierce barbarian warrior was expected to die on the battlefield, but he died on his wedding night, and just as there are many secrets of ancient history so the cause of Attila's death is just one of them and there is no evidence for the cause of death, so the shortest way to answer this question is how did Attila die? We don't know!! ... But the traditional answer says: that he died of epistaxis where Attila drank too much alcohol and suffered a drunken fit and turned on his back and had bleeding from the nose and blood entered his lungs causing him to suffocate and he died immediately.
  • Some accounts argue that his bride Aydiko was suspected of putting poison in the cup and killing him, especially since she was a captive from one of his cruel campaigns against the Teutons.
  • Attila was secretly buried on the banks of the river inside three coffins specially made of gold, silver and iron with some of the spoils, and after the completion of the burial ceremony, all those who participated in his burial were slaughtered so that no one knows where the shrine is and the feeling remains that Attila is not dead.
  • The tomb of Attila the Hun is still missing to this day. After his death his empire fell and was torn apart, as his sons fought each other to rule and the empire weakened, and several years later the Hun kingdom collapsed.
  • Exactly what Attila had feared happened; collapse of his kingdom.
  • As soon as the year 470 AD, the Hun Empire became a folded part of the pages of history, but the name of Attila, his life, death and burial ceremony remain part of the legend that was told about the legendary king.
  • The lord of war who spread terror and death everywhere and a name that remains stuck in the memory of historians until now.
 Browse Julius Caesar article to Learn more about the history of the Romans
Attila Hun Warrior Barbarian Ravager Leader Scourge Scourge of God Ancient Rome Barbarian Invasion
Barbarian Leader Scourge of God Invasions Ancient Rome Barbarian invasions Hunnic Empire 5th century
fifth century


table of contents title